FMRC is vested with the responsibility of testing and implements and to develop appropriate technologies to suit local conditions. The prime objective of FMRC is to introduce effective agricultural mechanization technologies compatible with the socio-economic and field condition prevailing in various regions of country. In order to achieve this objective FMRC is carrying out activities in the following areas.
Farm Mechanization Research Centre (FMRC), Maha Illuppallama is an Iinstitute of the Department of Agriculture located within the agricultural complex, Maha Illuppallama about 35 km South West of Anuradhapura. It is a Government organization setup to promote appropriate farm mechanization in Sri Lanka.
To become the center of excellence in the country by introducing appropriate farm mechanization technology to reduce cost of production and improve quality and quantity of agricultural production.
Promote cost effective Mechanization technology in order to increase quality and quantity of Agricultural products.
1.To create production efficiency by mechanizing areas affected by labor shortage in the Farm and processing.
2.To attract youth to agricultural enterprises.
3.To generate agro-based employment opportunities by production and utilization of Agricultural machines.
4.To Implement appropriate Agricultural machineries to local conditions and production methods and ensuring continuous supply to market through an efficient production processes.
The Functions of FMRC
To accomplish the above functions, FMRC has seven sections through which all implements have to pass during their development process.
Research & Development Section (R & D)
Machinery Available for Strengthening the Extension Activities
Sri Lanka being a developing country there is a series of technologies that are in the emerging stage. This is a situation where thorough extension methodologies on industrial and agricultural extension must be adopted. Through the experience at FMRC it is revealed that the manufacturers are reluctant to invest on producing new machinery as they are not sure of whether the farmers would taken up the new technology. On the other hand farmers are doubtful whether they could be able to derive the expected benefits from the new technology. In order to bring this gap closer the extension activities must be further strengthened.
Large-scale agricultural machinery manufacturers produced thousands of sprayers, water pumps, paddy threshers, trailers etc for local market. Many of these manufacturers received FMRC testing and advisory services for their quality improvements. Under the technical assistance from FMRC the local manufacturers produced a series of newly designed machinery. They are high capacity threshers, multi-crop threshers, lowland seeders, cono-weeders, manual operated Tran planters and pedal operated threshers. Many local machinery manufacturers were also trained to manufacture FMRC designed machines.
Industrial Extension Section
Conduct work shop demonstrations and field trials to give knowledge to local farm machinery producers and fill the gap between the farmers and Agricultural machinery producers by organizing training programs for producers , farmers and students
Testing & Evaluation Section
Testing of Farm Machinery
As far as the mechanization is concerned the machinery testing and certifying service becomes indispensable in order to achieve the objectives outlined in the policies. The field efficiency, work capacity, durability, availability of uninterrupted after sale services, continuous supply of spare parts and above all the selling price of the machinery are crucial from the farmer's point of view.
To confirm the manufacturers specifications the farm machinery testing service carries out laboratory, performance and endurance test comprehensively and issues test reports. Nearly 30% of the machines brought to FMRC for testing had been found to be un-suitable for Sri Lankan conditions.
Following machines were tested during the year 2006
Four Wheel Tractors
Two Wheel Tractors
Power Sprayer - Duster
Hand Sprayer - Duster
Engine Operated Paddy Thresher (Diesel)
Engine Operated Paddy Thresher (Petrol)
Manually Operated Thresher
Reaper - Harvester (Diesel)
Reaper - Harvester (Petrol/ Kerosene)
Four Wheel Tractor Driven Implements
Two Wheel Tractor Driven Implements
Agricultural Extension Section
Mainly carry out technology transfer activities and organize demonstrations, field trials and exhibitions showing the major benefits of agricultural machinery applications in the fields and giving knowledge to cut down the cost of production and how to increase the yield by using appropriate machineries.
Irrigation & Water Management Section
Development of micro irrigation systems to increase the productivity of crops and make optimum use of available water.
Adaptive Research Section
Developed machines have been undergone on adaptation trials at different locations in order to ascertain their suitability and performance on different soil conditions, field size and moisture conditions etc.
Activities being carried out.
© 2006 Department of Agriculture, Sri Lanka (DOASL), All rights reserved-Developed in association with ICTA.